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References for Amphetamine and Pain.

British National Formulary 35 (March 1998) p186

Ahmed SS, Joglekar GV, Balwani JH (1966) Potentiation of the analgesic effect of codeine in rats by d-amphetamine. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther 1966 Jan;159(1):185-8

Nott MW (1968) Eur J Pharmacol Potentiation of morphine analgesia by cocaine in mice.5(1):93-9

Connor J, Makonnen E, Rostom A (2000) Comparison of analgesic effects of khat (Catha edulis Forsk) extract, D-amphetamine and ibuprofen in mice.J Pharm Pharmacol 52(1):107-10

Piercey MF, Moon MW, Blinn JR, Dobry-Schreur PJ (1986) Analgesic activities of spinal cord substance P antagonists implicate substance P as a neurotransmitter of pain sensation. Brain Res 385(1):74-85

Natsuoka Y, Sakuma M, Uruno T, Kubota K (1984) Characteristics of analgesia induced by noncatecholic phenylethylamine derivatives: possible involvement of endogenous opioid peptides and serotonin in phenylethylamine analog-induced analgesia. Jpn J Pharmacol 34(3):277-87

Furst Z (1973) [Relationship between narcotic analgesics and adrenergic transmission]. [Article in Hungarian] Acta Pharm Hung 43(3):180-9

Vekovishcheva OIu, Zvartau EE (1999) [The reactivity of laboratory mice in pharmacological tests as dependent on their zoosocial status].[Article in Russian] Eksp Klin Farmakol 62(1):6-10

Richards RK (1975) A study of the effect of d-amphetamine on the toxicity, analgesic potency and swimming impairment caused by potent analgesics in mice. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther 216(2):225-45

Little HJ, Rees JM (1974) Tolerance development to the antinociceptive actions of morphine, amphetamine, physostigmine and 2-aminoindane in the mouse. Experientia 30(8):930-2

Abbott FV, Guy ER (1995) Effects of morphine, pentobarbital and amphetamine on formalin-induced behaviours in infant rats: sedation versus specific suppression of pain. Pain 62(3):303-12

Naik SR, Pradhan RJ, Sheth UK (1972) Effect of amphetamine on tremorine analgesia in mice. Indian J Med Res 1972 Sep;60(9):1328-31

Major CT, Pleuvry BJ, Rees JM (1970) A comparison of the analgesia produced by morphine and the sympathomimetic drugs. Br J Pharmacol 40(1):143P+

Nicak A (1965) The influence of serotonine and amphetamine on analgesic effect of morphine after reserpine premedication in rats and mice. Med Pharmacol Exp Int J Exp Med 13(1):43-8

Nencini P, Fraioli S, Pascucci T, Nucerito CV (1998) (-)-Norpseudoephedrine, a metabolite of cathinone with amphetamine-like stimulus properties, enhances the analgesic and rate decreasing effects of morphine, but inhibits its discriminative properties. Behav Brain Res 92(1):11-20

Franklin KB (1989) Analgesia and the neural substrate of reward. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 13(2-3):149-54

Altier N, Stewart J (1998) Dopamine receptor antagonists in the nucleus accumbens attenuate analgesia induced by ventral tegmental area substance P or morphine and by nucleus accumbens amphetamine. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 285(1):208-15

Clarke PB, Franklin KB (1992) Infusions of 6-hydroxydopamine into the nucleus accumbens abolish the analgesic effect of amphetamine but not of morphine in the formalin test. Brain Res 580(1-2):106-10

Morgan MJ, Franklin KB (1990) 6-Hydroxydopamine lesions of the ventral tegmentum abolish D-amphetamine and morphine analgesia in the formalin test but not in the tail flick test. Brain Res 1990 Jun 11;519(1-2):144-9

Izenwasser S, Kornetsky C (1988) Potentiation of morphine analgesia by D-amphetamine is mediated by norepinephrine and not dopamine. Pain 33(3):363-8

Drago F, Caccamo G, Continella G, Scapagnini U (1984) Amphetamine-induced analgesia does not involve brain opioids. Eur J Pharmacol 101(3-4):267-9

Borisenko SA (1976) [Mechanism of the analgesic effect of narcotic analgetics].[Article in Russian] Biull Eksp Biol Med 81(4):432-4

Malec D, Fidecka S, Langwinski R (1977) Central action of narcotic analgesics. I. Catalepsy and stereotypy in rats and narcotic analgesics. Pol J Pharmacol Pharm 1977 May-Jun;29(3):177-93

Lakin ML, Winters WD (1978) Behavioral correlates of naloxone inhibition of analgesia induced by various CNS excitatory drugs in the rat. Proc West Pharmacol Soc 21:27-30

Miksic S, Shearman GT, Lal H (1980) Differential enhancement of narcotic discrimination and analgesia by amphetamine and haloperidol: an evidence for distinct mechanisms underlying analgesia and euphoria. Subst Alcohol Actions Misuse 1(3):281-5

Sasson S, Unterwald EM, Kornetsky C (1986) Potentiation of morphine analgesia by d-amphetamine. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 90(2):163-5

Shimm DS, Logue GL, Maltbie AA, Dugan S (1979) Medical management of chronic cancer pain. JAMA 241(22):2408-12

Kulkarni SD, Joglekar GV, Balwani JH (1967) Modification of aspirin analgesia by amphetamine. J Exp Med Sci 1967 Jun;11(1):14-7

Webb SS, Smith GM, Evans WO, Webb NC (1978) Toward the development of a potent, nonsedating, oral analgesic. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 60(1):25-8

Jasinski DR, Preston KL (1986) Evaluation of mixtures of morphine and d-amphetamine for subjective and physiological effects. Drug Alcohol Depend 17(1):1-13

Mancini I, Body JJ (1998) [Treatment of cancer pain: the role of co-analgesics].[Article in French] Rev Med Brux 19(4):A319-22

Dalal S, Melzack R (1998) Potentiation of opioid analgesia by psychostimulant drugs: a review. J Pain Symptom Manage 16(4):245-53

Reich MG, Razavi D (1996) [Role of amphetamines in cancerology : a review of the literature].[Article in French] Bull Cancer 1996 Nov;83(11):891-900

Chen TC, Leviton A, Edelstein S, Ellenberg JH (1987) Migraine and other diseases in women of reproductive age. The influence of smoking on observed associations. Arch Neurol 44(10):1024-8

O'Neill WM (1994) The cognitive and psychomotor effects of opioid drugs in cancer pain management. Cancer Surv 1994;21:67-84

Jacobson B, Nyberg K, Eklund G, Bygdeman M, Rydberg U (1988) Obstetric pain medication and eventual adult amphetamine addiction in offspring. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 67(8):677-82

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